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درجات المقارنة والمفاضله

الموضوع في 'منتدى المرحلة المتوسطة' بواسطة تاجر الاحزان, بتاريخ ‏7 ديسمبر 2012.

  1. تاجر الاحزان
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    <h1 class="title">
    Superlative Adjectives</h1>
    <div class="meta">
     </div>
    <div class="content">
    <div id="tut1">
    <h3>
    One-syllable adjectives.</h3>
    <p>
    Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    One-Syllable Adjective</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    tall</td>
    <td>
    taller</td>
    <td>
    tallest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    old</td>
    <td>
    older</td>
    <td>
    oldest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    long</td>
    <td>
    longer</td>
    <td>
    longest</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>taller</strong> <em>than</em> Max.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>the tallest</strong> <em>of</em> all the students.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>older</strong> <em>than</em> John.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> the three students, Max is <strong>the oldest</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    My hair is <strong>longer</strong> <em>than</em> your hair.</li>
    <li>
    Max's story is <strong>the longest</strong> <em>story I've ever heard</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>
    If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    One-Syllable Adjective with Final -e</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    large</td>
    <td>
    larger</td>
    <td>
    largest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    wise</td>
    <td>
    wiser</td>
    <td>
    wisest</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    Mary's car is <strong>larger</strong> <em>than</em> Max's car.</li>
    <li>
    Mary's house is <strong>the tallest</strong> <em>of</em> all the houses on the block.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>wiser</strong> <em>than</em> his brother.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>the wisest</strong> <em>person I know</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>
    If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before It</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    big</td>
    <td>
    bigger</td>
    <td>
    biggest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    thin</td>
    <td>
    thinner</td>
    <td>
    thinnest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    fat</td>
    <td>
    fatter</td>
    <td>
    fattest</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    My dog is <strong>bigger</strong> <em>than</em> your dog.</li>
    <li>
    My dog is <strong>the biggest</strong> <em>of</em> all the dogs in the neighborhood.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>thinner</strong> <em>than</em> John.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the students in the class, Max is <strong>the thinnest</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    My mother is <strong>fatter</strong> <em>than</em> your mother.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>the fattest</strong> <em>person I've ever seen</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <h3>
    Two-syllable adjectives.</h3>
    <p>
    With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Two-Syllable Adjective</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    peaceful</td>
    <td>
    more peaceful</td>
    <td>
    most peaceful</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    pleasant</td>
    <td>
    more pleasant</td>
    <td>
    most pleasant</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    careful</td>
    <td>
    more careful</td>
    <td>
    most careful</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    thoughtful</td>
    <td>
    more thoughtful</td>
    <td>
    most thoughtful</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    This morning is <strong>more peaceful</strong> <em>than</em> yesterday morning.</li>
    <li>
    Max's house in the mountains is <strong>the most peaceful</strong> <em>in</em> the world.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>more careful</strong> <em>than</em> Mike.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the taxi drivers, Jack is <strong>the most careful</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    Jill is <strong>more thoughtful</strong> <em>than</em> your sister.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>the most thoughtful</strong> <em>person I've ever met</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>
    If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the <em>y</em> to <em>i </em> and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the <em>y</em> to <em>i and</em> add –est.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -y</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    happy</td>
    <td>
    happier</td>
    <td>
    happiest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    angry</td>
    <td>
    angrier</td>
    <td>
    angriest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    busy</td>
    <td>
    busier</td>
    <td>
    busiest</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    John is <strong>happier</strong> today <em>than</em> he was yesterday.</li>
    <li>
    John is <strong>the happiest</strong> boy <em>in</em> the world.</li>
    <li>
    Max is <strong>angrier</strong> <em>than</em> Mary.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all of John's victims, Max is <strong>the angriest</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>busier</strong> <em>than</em> Max.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>the busiest</strong> <em>person I've ever met</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>
    Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -ow</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    narrow</td>
    <td>
    narrower</td>
    <td>
    narrowest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    gentle</td>
    <td>
    gentler</td>
    <td>
    gentlest</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    The roads in this town are <strong>narrower</strong> <em>than</em> the roads in the city.</li>
    <li>
    This road is the<strong> narrowest</strong> <em>of</em> all the roads in California.</li>
    <li>
    Big dogs are <strong>gentler</strong> <em>than</em> small dogs.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are <strong>the gentlest</strong>.</li>
    </ul>
    <h3>
    Adjectives with three or more syllables.</h3>
    <p>
    For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Adjective with Three or More Syllables</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    generous</td>
    <td>
    more generous</td>
    <td>
    most generous</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    important</td>
    <td>
    more important</td>
    <td>
    most important</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    intelligent</td>
    <td>
    more intelligent</td>
    <td>
    most intelligent</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    John is <strong>more generous</strong> <em>than</em> Jack.</li>
    <li>
    John is <strong>the most generous</strong> <em>of</em> all the people I know.</li>
    <li>
    Health is <strong>more important</strong> <em>than</em> money.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the people I know, Max is <strong>the most important</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    Women are <strong>more intelligent</strong> <em>than</em> men.</li>
    <li>
    Mary is <strong>the most intelligent</strong> <em>person I've ever met</em>.</li>
    </ul>
    <h3>
    Exceptions.</h3>
    <p>
    Irregular adjectives.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Irregular Adjective</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    good</td>
    <td>
    better</td>
    <td>
    best</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    bad</td>
    <td>
    worse</td>
    <td>
    worst</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    far</td>
    <td>
    farther</td>
    <td>
    farthest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    little</td>
    <td>
    less</td>
    <td>
    least</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    many</td>
    <td>
    more</td>
    <td>
    most</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    Italian food is <strong>better</strong> <em>than</em> American food.</li>
    <li>
    My dog is <strong>the best</strong> dog <em>in</em> the world.</li>
    <li>
    My mother's cooking is <strong>worse</strong> <em>than</em> your mother's cooking.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the students in the class, Max is <strong>the worst</strong>.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>
    Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.</p>
    <table class="col3">
    <thead>
    <tr>
    <th scope="col">
    Two-Syllable Adjective</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Comparative Form</th>
    <th scope="col">
    Superlative Form</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    <tr>
    <td>
    clever</td>
    <td>
    cleverer</td>
    <td>
    cleverest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    clever</td>
    <td>
    more clever</td>
    <td>
    most clever</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    gentle</td>
    <td>
    gentler</td>
    <td>
    gentlest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    gentle</td>
    <td>
    more gentle</td>
    <td>
    most gentle</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    friendly</td>
    <td>
    friendlier</td>
    <td>
    friendliest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    friendly</td>
    <td>
    more friendly</td>
    <td>
    most friendly</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    quiet</td>
    <td>
    quieter</td>
    <td>
    quietest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    quiet</td>
    <td>
    more quiet</td>
    <td>
    most quiet</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    simple</td>
    <td>
    simpler</td>
    <td>
    simplest</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>
    simple</td>
    <td>
    more simple</td>
    <td>
    most simple</td>
    </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>
    <ul>
    <li>
    Big dogs are <strong>gentler</strong> <em>than</em> small dogs.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are <strong>the gentlest</strong>.</li>
    <li>
    Big dogs are <strong>more gentle</strong> <em>than</em> small dogs.</li>
    <li>
    <em>Of</em> all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are <strong>the most gentle</strong></li>
    </ul>
    </div>
    </div>
     
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    <span style="font-size:26px;"><strong>مشكورررررررررر<br />
    روعة واكثر من روعة</strong></span></div>
     
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    مشكور استاذي<br />
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    موضوع رائع
     
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    شكرا لمروركم الذي اضاف لموضوعه ابداع
     
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